The Prophet (saws)
recommended Barley to cure grief's of heart and ailments of kidney
By Dr. M.Laiq Ali Khan
Barley crops are cultivated throughout
the country during the season of rabi crops and utilized in various
forms including the Barley flour. The plants of barley are very
similar to wheat and the seeds are elongated in shape in comparison
to wheat with a covering of light yellow colour. Prophet Muhammad
(saws) liked it very much and used it in various forms such as barley
bread, gruel and dough.
During the period of the Prophet
(saws) the people either used to eat the Barley bread or to mix
the wheat flour with Barley flour to prepare the bread generally.
One lad used to sell the preparation from Beet roots and barley
at the gate of Masjid-e-Nabwi on every Friday and it is said that
holy companions liked this preparation as much as they used to wait
for Friday eagerly. Ummul Manzar states that the Prophet (saws)
along with Ali came to our house, we had the dates and those were
presented to them. Both of them ate from those dates. When
Ali (Ra) consumed a little of those, the Prophet (saws) said
"You recently recovered
from illness, hence you are weak, hence dont eat more. Therefore,
that lady prepared a dish from barley and beet root. Then, the
Prophet (saws) told Ali "eat from it, it is better for you".
(Ibn-e-Maja, Sanad-e-Ahmed, Tirmizi)
This proves that after illness, the
preparation made from barley and beet roots is very good tonic for
Anas Bin Malik states that a tailor
invited the Prophet (saws) to meals. He prepared the barley bread
and meat with Pumpkin. The Prophet (saws) very affectionately ate
the pumpkin pieces from the curry. (Bukhari, Muslim)
Yousuf Bin Abdullah Bin Salam states
that I saw the Prophet (saws) taking a piece of barley bread and
put a date on it and stated that was breads vegetable (salan).
The barley gruel was especially prepared
after boiling barley with milk and sweetened with honey. That preparation
was called as Talbina.
Whenever a person of the family of
Muhammad (saws) fell sick then it was ordered that the barley gruel
should be prepared for him. Then he used to state
"it removes the grief of the
patients heart, removes its weakness as any of you removes the
dirt from your face after washing it". (Ibn Maja)
Aisha (R.A) used to order preparation
of Talbina for sick person and used to say "though the patient
dislike it, but it is highly beneficial for him. (Bukhari)
Another narration is found on record
from Aisha Siddiqua (R.A). Whenever anyone complained of loss of
appetite to the Prophet (saws), He ordered to use Talbina and stated
"By Allah who hold my life,
this removes the dirts of your abdomen as one of you removes the
dirt of your face by washing it".
Powdered barley (Sattoo) was very
much liked by the Prophet (saws). At the time of victory of Khaibar,
the Prophet agreed to marry to Safia, the very next day he directed
to Anas Bin Malik to invite the people to attend the Dawat-e-Walima
According to the narrations of Tirmizi
and Ibn Majah the walima comprised of dates and sattoo, but according
to Bukhari a confection was prepared from dates, barley and sattoo
and served before the guests.
In Nisai, Abu Dawood, Bukhari, Ibn-e-Majah,
Tirmizi and Ahmed Bin Hambal, there are 21 hadiths recommending
the consumption of Sattoo. Besides this the description of Sattoo
is also available in other Hadiths.
According to the scholars of hadith
barley is very nutritious and provides energy for the body, besides
this is also beneficial in pharyngitis and cough. It resolves the
inflammation of the stomach (Gastritis), expels the toxins from
the body and a good diuretic. It quenches the thirst. Barley water
is a good remedy in kidney problem, to quench the thirst and provide
the best nutrition for indisposed and weak persons. Preparation
of Barley water is described by Ibn Al-Qayyim. According to him,
barley with five times water should be boiled, till the contents
become 3/4 and the colour of the mixture becomes milky.
Scientists have found the following
items during the chemical synthesis of barley- albuminoids, starch,
fat, fiber, ash and water. Chemical composition shows that it contains
the fat in the form of Leucosine Gluten Albumen, the compound of
Nitrogen as palmatic Acid, Salisylic Acid, Phosphoric Acid. Besides,
it contains Hypoxanthens. British Pharmacopoeia recommends Malt
extract for internal use. It contains 4 per cent Proteins, the enzymes
for digestion of carbohydrates and vitamins. Some scientists also
indicate the presence of Arsenic in the barley grain.
The ancient physicians explained
various experiences regarding the use of barley. Ibn Sina says that
the blood produced by consuming barley is neutral, pure and of low
According to Firdous Al-Hikmat the
suspension prepared from one part of barley and fifteen part of
water until after boiling this volume becomes 2/3rd of its basic
solution, is beneficial for at least hundred diseases of the body.