Story of the non-Semitic Jews
Tawfiq Abdul-Fattah, in Free Arab Voice
16 December 1997
upon a time in ancient Khazaria the entire kingdom converted to
Judaism by decree from the king.
Koestler, a Jew born in 1905 in Budapest, writes that the Khazars
who flourished from the 7th to the 11th century were in those bygone
days a major political power. Their empire extended from the Black
Sea to the Caspian and from the Caucasus to the Volga.
were located "between two major world powers: the Eastern Roman
Empire in Byzantium and the triumphant followers of Muhammad".
Since the world was then polarized between these two superpowers,
representing Christianity (western style) and Islam, the Khazar
empire representing a third force could only maintain its political
and ideological independence by accepting neither Christianity nor
Islam "for either choice would have automatically subordinated
it to the authority of the Roman Emperor or the Caliph of Baghdad."
wishing to be dominated by either of the two, the Khazar king "embraced
the Jewish faith" in AD 740 and ordered his subjects to do
the same. Judaism thus became the official state religion of the
the king's motives in adopting Judaism were purely political. "The
bulk of modern Jewry is not of Palestinian, but of Caucasian origin",
Koestler writes. "Their ancestors came not from the Jordan
but from the Volga, not from Canaan but from the Caucasus."
And he stresses: "The mainstream of Jewish migrations did not
flow from the Mediterranean across France and Germany to the east
and then back again. The stream moved in a consistently western
direction, from the Caucasus, from the Ukraine into Poland and thence
into Central Europe".
Jews of different origin also contributed to the existing Jewish
world community, "the main bulk originated from the Khazar
country" in the Ex-Soviet Union. Based on his research which
was summed in his book "The Thirteenth Tribe", Koestler
refutes the notion of a Jewish "race" stating that most
Jews of the contemporary world did not come from Palestine and are
not even of Semitic origin. In fact, his research shows that most
Jews originated in what today is the Ex-USSR. And that a group of
people there became Jews through conversion, on the orders of their
under Khazar dominion included the Bulgars, Burtas, Ghuzz, Magyars
(Hungarians), the Gothic and Greek colonies of the Crimea, and the
Slavonic tribes in the northwestern woodland. According to the Jewish
Encyclopedia, in the 16th century Jews numbered about one million.
Koestler quotes scholars documenting that at the time "the
majority of those who professed the Judaic faith were Khazars."
Koestler points out, Jews of our times fall into two main divisions:
Sephardim and Ashkena-zim.
Sephardim, the descendants of the Jews who had lived in Spain until
their expulsion, with the Muslims, at the end of the 15th century,
and who later settled in the countries bordering on the Mediterranean,
spoke a Spanish-Hebrew dialect, Ladino. In the 1960s, the Sephardim
numbered about 500,000.
Ashkenazim at the same period were about 11 million. Thus, "in
common parlance, Jew is practically synonymous with Ashkenazi Jew".
However, Koestler adds, the term Ashkenazim is misleading because
it is generally applied to Germany, thus contributing to the legend
that modern Jewry originated on the Rhine. There is, however, no
other term to refer to the non-Sephardic majority of contemporary
Jewry, which came after conversion to Judaism from the Khazar country.
the destruction of their empire (in the 12th or 13th century), the
Jewish Khazars migrated into those regions of Eastern Europe, mainly
Russia and Poland, where at the dawn of the modern age the greatest
concentrations of Jews were found. It is "well documented",
Koestler writes, that the numerically and socially dominant element
in the Jewish population of Hungary during the Middle Ages was of
Israeli scholar, A. N. Poliak, a Tel Aviv University professor of
medieval Jewish history quoted by Koestler, states that the descendants
of Khazar Jews, "those who stayed where they were (in Khazaria),
those who emigrated to the United States and to other countries,
and those who went to Israel--constitute now the large majority
of world Jewry."
Israel's support among millions of American Christians is founded
on a concept that God had bequeathed territory to a biblical "tribe"
of Oriental Middle Eastern Jews, it becomes ironic to learn from
Koestler's research, that most Jews today are neither hereditary
natives from the "holy land" nor any other eastern tribe.
who originally published the Thirteenth Tribe in 1976, noted that
the story of the Khazar empire "begins to look like the most
cruel hoax history has ever perpetrated." The Palestinians,
imprisoned and brutalized by this Zionist "hoax" and showered
by ink based resolutions, the likes of UN 194, would be the first
sight of these findings, one might naively infer that the only thing
standing between the Palestinians and their rightful land is nothing
but a Rabbi waiting to bless them with his faith, hence making them
worthy of their homes.
we then say, Mazeltov, or shall we concur that the Palestinian,
under the eyes of his father, is being once more. . . . Crucified
The book "The Thirteenth Tribe" has been difficult
to find. It disappeared from many library shelves. A check at the
Library of Congress reveals that the most prestigious library in
the U.S had one reading copy. That one copy, however, is "missing
from the shelf" :)
Koestler (1905-83)is Hungarian-born British author].