Rulings for Iftar
Allah (swt) said: "Then complete the fasting until the night
The Messenger of Allah (S) explained this to mean the coming of
the night and the going away of the day and when the disk of the
the breaking of the fast
People of Eemaan!
It is important to hasten breaking the fast as soon as the sun sets
because this was the practice of the Messenger of Allah (swt) and
'Amrun Ibn Maimoon
Al-Awdee said: "The companions of the Messenger were the fastest
people to break the fast (at Maghrib) and the last to eat the Sahoor
(i.e. they used to try to take it at the last possible moment)."
[Abdur Razaak in the Mussanaf]
break the fast also has other benefits that can be included under
to break the fast earns good
Sahl Ibn Sa'd
(R) said that the Messenger (S) of Allah (swt) said: "The people
will continue to be in good condition as long as they hasten to
break the fast." [Bukhaaree and Muslim] To hasten the breaking
of the fast is the Sunnah of the Messenger (S)
If the Muslims
hasten the breaking of the fast this would help them to keep on
the Sunnah and they would be following the Salaf (Pious Predecessors)
who followed it. It is known that the person who holds unto the
Sunnah will never go astray.
Sahl Ibn Sa'ad
said that the Messenger (S) of Allah (swt) said: "My nation would
continue to be on my Sunnah as long as they do not wait for the
stars to come out before breaking the fast." [Ibn Hibbaan]
breaking of the fast is a way to he different from the Astray (the
Christians) and those whom Allah is angry with (the Jews)
If people will
remain on what is good because they hold on to the Sunnah of the
Messenger of Allah (swt), then if they leave this way and follow the
Christians and the Jews they would definitely lose the good benefits.
This is established in the following Hadeeth. Abu Huraira (R) said
that the Messenger of Allah (swt) said: "The Deen will be uppermost/manifest
as long as the people hasten to break their fast because the Jews
and the Christians delay (it)." [Abu Dawood and Ibn Hibbaan]
From the above
Hadeeth we must not think that our practising this hadeeth alone
would be responsible for the Deen to be manifest. This hadeeth must
be understood along with all those verses from the Quraan and the
Hadeeth of the Messenger (S) that deal with the issue of being different
from the disbelieving people.
the fast before the Maghrib Salaat
It is reported
that "The Messenger of Allah (swt) used to break his fast before
the Maghrib Salaat." [Ahmad and Abu Dawood]
Abu Dardaa said:
"There are three signs of prophethood, hastening the breaking
of the fast, delaying the Sahoor and placing the right hand on the
Ieft hand in the Salaat." [Tabaraanee]
What is recommended
to eat to break the fast?
(S) of Allah (swt) used to incite the breaking of the fast with dates
and if he did not find any, he would then break it with water.
Anas Ibn Maalik
said: "The prophet (S) used to break his fast with fresh dates
before he prayed. If he did not find fresh dates then he would use
dried dates. If he did not find that also he drank a few sips of
water. [Ahmad and Abu Dawood]
be said at the time of breaking the fast?
person should know that Allah (swt) listens to his supplication and
said the Messenger (S) of Allah (swt) said: "The supplications
of three groups of people's are not rejected; the du'aa (Supplication)
of the fasting person when he is breaking his fast, the du'aa of
the just Imam and the du'aa of the oppressed." [Tirmidhee,
Ibn Majah and Ibn Hibbaan]
So the fasting
person should make use of the time when he is breaking his fast
to ask Allah (swt) for all those things that would make his life easy
in this world and the next. However, although any Du'aa can be made
at that time the Messenger (S) also used to make a specific one
which we should make sure we supplicate with, along with whatever
other supplication we desire.
of Allah (S) when he broke his fast. used to say: "The thirst
has gone and the veins have recovered and the blessing is established
if Allah wills" (dhahaba dhamaa'a wabtallat al-urooq wa thabatal
ajr inshaa'allaah) [Ahmad, Al-Baihaaqee]
It is imperative
for the believer to always try to do righteous deeds. From among
these rightous deeds is the feeding of the fasting person because
of the numerous rewards for this act.
(S) said: "Whoever gives someone something to break the fast
with, he would hove The same blessings as the fasting person and
this would not reduce the blessings of the fasting person in any
way " [Ahmad and Tirmidhee]
If someone is
invited to break his fast then he should respond to the invitation.
If he refuses then he has disobeyed the Messenger (S).
It is also recommended
for the person invited to supplicate for his host after finishing
eating his food as was the practice of the Messenger (S).
(S) used to make the following supplications:
righteous eat your food may the angels send salaat unto you and
may the fasting person break their fast with you." [Ahmad,
Feed the one who fed me and give drink to him who gave me to drink"
Forgive them and have Mercy on them and bless whatever you provide
for then" [Muslim]