Quran is the last Book of Allah sent for the guidance of humanity
through the last Prophet, Muhammad, peace be upon him (saws). The
Quran contains all the rules for us to have healthy lives, alhumdolillah.
We can learn how the Prophets of the past such as Ibraheem and Musa,
peace be upon them both, called their people to worship Al Khaliq,
The Creater. The Quran shows us that worshipping Allah must
be without partner.
was the Quran first revealed?
Prophet Mohamed (saws) new that the people of his town, Makkah,
were not worshipping Allah as they should. He (saws) would
travel to a cave just outside Makkah to think about the true worship
of Allah. On one of his (saws) visits to the cave, Angel Gibrael
(as) came to him. At first the Prophet (saws) was scared but
he soon realised that their was no
harm that would come to him. Angel Gibreal came to the Prophet
to inform him that Allah had chosen him to be his Messenger.
This happened during the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, Ramadan.
first revelation from Allah (swt) through the Angel Gibreal to Prophet
Mohamed (saws) was the first five verses of Surah (chapter) Al-Alaq:
bismi rabbikalla dhi khalaq. Khalaqal insana min alaq. Iqra wa rabtukal
alrram. Alladhi 'allama bil qalam. 'Allamal insana malam ya’lam,
in the name of your Lord who created, created man from a clot. Read,
for your Lord is most
Generous, Who teaches by means of the pen, teaches man what he does
not know." (96: 1-5).
first complete chapter of the Quran was Al Fatiha (The Opening).
long was the Quran revealed?
Quran was revealed over a 23 year period. The first 10 years
of revelation was whilst the Prophet Mohamed (saws) lived in Makkah.
These verses of Quran revealed during this time are called 'Makkan'.
Makkan surahs stress the Unity and Majesty of Allah, the Most Exalted,
Most High (swt), condemn anything being worshiped beside or more
than Allah, promise paradise for the righteous and warn wrongdoers
of their punishment in Hellfire, confirm the prophethood of Muhammad
(saws), and remind humanity of the past prophets and events of their
10 years the Prophet (saws) travelled to Madina to help the Muslims
and all the verses revealed from this period are called 'Madinian'.
Madinian surahs contain the rules and regulations for which the
Muslims were to organise themselves. They lay down moral and ethical
codes, criminal laws, social, economic, and state policies, give
guidelines for foreign relations, rules and regulations for battle
and the captives of war. They also contain descriptions of some
of the early battles of Islam, condemnation of hypocrites, emphasis
on the unified basic message of all the past prophets, and confirmation
that the process of prophethood and revelation is complete, so that
no Prophet will come after Muhammad (saws).
was the last revelation?
The last revelation
from Allah (swt) to His Prophet (saws) was the third verse of Surah
Al-Maidah, which was sent down to the Prophet in 632 C.E. :
akmaltu lakum dinakam wa atmamtualaikam ni'mati wa raditu' lakumul
I perfected your religion for you and completed my favor to you
and have chosen for you Al-Islam as your religion." (5:3)
is the Quran organised?
divided into thirty equal divisions, which are called juz in Arabic.
There are 114 chapters, of varying length. The longest chapter is
Al-Baqarah consisting of 286 verses and the shortest chapter is
AlKawthar consisting of three verses!
more information or your own copy of the Quran