Battle of Badr - a Battle Between Truth and Falsehood
Shawana A Aziz
Audio lectures by Allama Ehsan Ilahi Zaheer, by Shaikh (Dr.) Abdullah
al-Farsi, Tafseer Ibn Katheer, ar-Raheeq al-Makhtoom by Shaikh Safi
ar-Rahmaan Mubarakpuri, The History of Islam and others.
Life in Makkah
was becoming difficult for the Muslims. The growing oppression and
tortures of the Kuffar became unbearable. The Muslims were prevented
from worshiping Allah. Consequently, Allah, the Exalted, revealed
orders to migrate. The Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) and
his companions secretly planned to escape the watchful disbelievers,
who intended to kill the Prophet and his companions in their own
homeland and thus bring an end to the religion of Islam. But Allah,
the Exalted, aided His Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) to
immigrate to al-Medina. This carefully planned and prudent escape
of Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) and the Sahabah
created great anxiety and rancor in the hearts of the disbelievers.
The new abode
of Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam), al-Medina, integrated
the commercial routes to Makkah. The trade caravans of the disbelievers
passing near al-Median now faced serious danger. The disbelievers
had already experienced the love and devotion of the Sahabah for
Allah and His Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam). They knew
that the Sahabah were always ready to sacrifice everything they
had for the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam). Thus, in order
to safeguard their trade, the disbelievers undertook all possible
efforts to expel the Muslims from al-Medina.
They sent a
serious ultimatum to the chief of the disbelievers in al-Medina,
Abdullah Ibn Ubai Ibn Sahul, ordering him to fight or drive out
the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) from al-Medina. Otherwise,
they would attack their city and destroy their people. However,
the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) cautioned Abdullah and
his men from taking any cruel steps against the Muslims and as a
result of his cowardice, Abdullah withheld his devilish plan. The
disbelievers of Makkah also sent a note to the Ansaar (the Muslims
of al-Medina who aided Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam))
threatening to put them to death if they helped the Prophet or defended
him. But the Ansaar loved Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam)
more than their lives and therefore paid no heed to the threats.
Fight the Kuffar - The First Order of Jihad
For 10 years,
while in Makkah, the Muslims were prohibited to openly fight the
Kuffar because the disbelievers were greater in number and the Muslims
were very few. Were the Muslims to fight the disbelievers in Makkah,
the results would have been disastrous. But when the disbelievers
went to extremes in their transgression that they forced Allah's
Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) and his companions to leave
the most sacred place, resolved to kill the Prophet and sent threats
to the Muslims in al-Medina; Allah revealed verses of the Qur'aan
giving permission to the Muslims to fight the disbelievers. Now
the Muslims had the support of the Ansaar, they had a place where
Islam prevailed and where they could retreat. It was an appropriate
time for Jihad.
to fight is given to those (i.e. believers against those disbelievers),
who are fighting them, (and) because they (believers) have been
wronged, and surely Allah is Able to give them (believers) victory."
orders of Allah, the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) decided
to first bring the commercial routes to Makkah under control. For
which, he (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) signed a peace treaty with
the Jews and other neighboring tribes. He (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam)
also sent groups of Sahabah from time to time to ambush the caravans
along their commercial routes. The intent was to caution the disbelievers
that Muslims had become strong and any cruel act against the Muslims,
whether those who were left in Makkah or those who resided in al-Medina,
might cause danger to their trade and livelihood. The disbelievers
realized the real danger of the Muslims, and as a result they were
the All Wise, equipped the Muslims in al-Medina for war against
the enemies. He revealed Qur'aanic verses encouraging the Muslims
for Jihad (fighting in the way of Allah), and teaching them ways
of fighting. "And fight, in the way of Allah those who fight
you; but transgress not the limits. Truly, Allah likes not the transgressors.
And kill them wherever you find them, and turn them out from where
they have turned you out
" [(2): 190]
Reason of the
Battle of Badr
2 A.H., the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) was informed that
Abu Sufyan (who was still a disbeliever and later accepted Islam),
was traveling for trade from Syria. He was approaching Makkah with
50 thousand gold Deenaar guarded by 40 men.
from Makkah, the Muslims were forced to leave behind all their wealth
and possession. The Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) saw this
caravan as an opportunity to get back some of their wealth. He (sallallahu
alaihe wa-sallam) called for his companions and marched towards
the main road leading to Makkah and turned towards Badr. His (sallallahu
alaihe wa-sallam) intent was only to capture the wealth and not
war. But Allah, the Exalted, in His Great Wisdom, willed for them
On the other
hand, Abu Sufyan knew that his route was not safe. He was further
informed by his men about the Prophet's movement. He immediately
sent a man to Makkah asking for help. The man reached Makkah, cut
off the nose and ears of the camel, turned its saddle upside down,
tore off his shirt from front and back (this was their way of warning
about enemies) and cried, 'O Quraysh! Your goods are with Abu Sufyan.
The caravan is being stopped by Muhammad (r) and his companions.
I cannot say what would have happened to them. Help! Help!' The
disbelievers shocked with the news rushed for Abu Sufyan's help.
They took with them a huge army of 1,300 well-equipped soldiers,
including 100 horsemen and a large number of camels to fight the
Sufyan changed his route; he turned away from the main road that
passed near al-Medina towards Red Sea and thus was out of the reach
of the Muslims. When he found himself completely out of danger,
he again sent a messenger to the people of Makkah on their way,
informing them of his escape and asking them to return back. The
Makkan army desired to return back but Abu Jahl, insisted to march
up till Badr and said: "No by Allah! We will not go back until
we proceed to the well of Badr, slaughter camels, drink liquor and
female singers sing for us. This way Arabs will always talk about
our stance and what we did on that day." Now the disbelievers
wanted to humiliate the Muslims, punish them and prevent them from
stopping their caravans in the future. They marched towards Badr
and encamped on the bank of the valley.
The news of
the caravan's escape and approaching of a big army reached Allah's
Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam). It was a disturbing news,
for the small unequipped Muslim army was no match to the huge well-equipped
army of the disbelievers. The Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam)
immediately called for a meeting and discussed the situation with
his companions. He informed them of the gravity of the situation
and explained that it was necessary to fight the Kuffar or else
they would easily take over al-Medina and certainly cause destruction.
He (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) then asked the Sahabah for their
(sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) received revelation from Allah. It
was not necessary for him to consult with the Sahabah and seek their
advice. But this practice of Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe
wa-sallam) reflects a very import characteristic of the Muslim leader,
i.e. discussing and seeking advice of other knowledgeable Muslims.
A Muslim leader should not make decision merely based upon his opinion.
Rather, he should first consult with other knowledgeable Muslims,
seek their advice and then make appropriate decisions.
(pl. of Muhajir) assured Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam)
that they would fight along with him until the last breath. The
first one to speak was Abu Bakr (radhiallahu anhu), then Umar Ibn
al-Khattab (radhiallahu anhu) and then al-Miqdad Ibn Amr (radhiallahu
anhu) got up and said:
of Allah! Proceed where Allah directs you to, for we are with you.
We will not say as the children of Israel said to Moosa (alaihis-salaam),
'Go you and your Lord and fight and we will stay here.', Rather
we shall say, "Go you and your Lord and fight and we will fight
along with you. By Allah! If you were to take us to Bark al-Ghimad,
we will still fight with determination against its defender until
you gained it." The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam)
was pleased with the response of the Muhajiroon but the Muhajiroon
only consisted of a small portion of the army.
It was natural
for the Muhajiroon to fight against the disbelievers of Makkah because
they were unjustly treated by them and thrown out of their homeland
and property. Moreover, the Muhajiroon had already passed their
test of faith in Allah and shown their love for the Prophet, when
they forsake their family, relatives, property and homeland and
migrated to al-Medina not fearing the consequences. The real test
was now for the Ansaar, who had promised to protect the Prophet
(sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) within their territories (al-Medina)
and therefore, they were not obliged to fight outside al-Medina.
So, Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) further said:
"Advice me my men!" By this he wanted the Ansaar to express
Upon this, Sa'd
Ibn Mu'adh stood up and said: "By Allah, I feel you want us
(the Ansaar) to speak." The Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam)
said: "Oh, yes!" Sa'd said: "O Prophet of Allah!
We believe in you and we testify that you are the true Messenger
of Allah. We bear witness that what you have been given is the Truth.
We give you our firm pledge of obedience and sacrifice.
We will obey
you most willingly in whatever you command us, and by Allah, Who
has sent you with Truth, if you ask us to cross this sea (Red Sea),
we will do that most readily and not a man of us will stay behind
We hope that Allah will show you through our hands those deeds of
courage, which will please your eyes. Kindly lead us to the battlefield
in the Name of Allah!"
Evil seem fair and makes false promises
When the disbelievers
prepared to march towards al-Medina, Shaytan came to the disbelievers
in the form of Suraqah Ibn Malik and made their evil action of fighting
the Muslims seem fair to them. He encouraged them for the battle
by making them believe that no one could defeat them. "And
(remember) when Shaytan made their (evil) deeds seem fair to them
and said: "No one of mankind can overcome you today
He also promised them to protect Makkah from the enemies in their
absence and said, "
and verily, I am your neighbor."
[ (8): 48]
Allah says about
the promises of Shaytan, "He (Shaytan) makes promises to them,
and arouses in them false desires; and Shaytan's promises are nothing
but deception." [(4): 120]
It is from the
tricks of Shaytan that he makes false promises to the people and
makes them believe that they are winners in this world and the Hereafter.
But Allah states, on the Day of Judgment, "Shaytan will say
when the matter has been decided. Verily, Allah promised you a promise
of truth. And I too promised you, but I betrayed you. I had no authority
" and those who follow the whispers of Shaytan
Allah says, "the dwelling of such (people) is Hell, and they
will find no way of escape from it." [(4): 120] See Tafseer
Lack of Means
of the Muslims and the well-equipped huge army of the disbelievers
The Muslim army
was not more than 313-317 men, including 82-86 Muhajir (the Emigrants
from Makkah) and the others were the Ansaar. They had only two horses
and 70 camels to ride. Most of them did not even possess simple
weapons to fight; some had swords but no bows and arrows, while
others possessed spears but no swords. The army was not well equipped,
nor well prepared for war. Moreover, the Muslims were old, sick,
starving and weak. But pleased with the words and willingness of
the Sahabah to fight the disbelievers and putting all trust in Allah,
the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) marched towards the wells
When the Muslims
encamped at Badr, the disbelievers sent one of their men, Umar Ibn
Wahab Jumani, to spy about their number and strength. He reported
that the Muslims were not more than 310 men. Hearing this, the disbelievers
increased in their arrogance and pride and showed no desire to fight
the Muslims. Utbah, Ibn Rabi'ah remarked, 'Let us go back without
a fight.' Meaning the low number of the Muslims was no match for
the large and well-equipped army of the Makkans. But they knew that
the Sahabah were too brave to surrender and thus they would fight
until the last man killing the largest number of polytheists possible.
However, Abu Jahl opposed them and expressed his firm determination
to kill them no matter how few they were!
Ibn Abbas (radhiallahu
anhu) said, "When the two armies drew closer to each other,
Allah made the Muslims look fewer in the eyes of the idolaters and
the idolaters look few in the eyes of the Muslims. The idolaters
said: "These people (Muslims) are deceived by their religion."
[Soorah al-Anfal (8): 49]
thought that Muslims were few. They believed without doubts that
they would defeat the Muslims, Allah said: "But whosoever puts
his trust in Allah, then surely, Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise."
[Soorah al-Anfal (8): 49] [See Tafseer Ibn Katheer]
In the evening,
the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) sent Ali Ibn Abi Talib,
az-Zubari Ibn al-Awam and Sa'd Ibn Abi Waqqas to inquire about the
location of the enemies. Two men were seen drawing water from the
wells of Badr. Upon question, they admitted that they were carrying
water for the Makkan army. But some Companions were not pleased
with this answer, since they thought that the boys belonged to Abu
Sufyan. So they beat the two boys, who finally said that they belonged
to Abu Sufyan. When Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam)
was informed, he said angrily, "on telling the truth, you beat
them, and on lying you released them!" Then he (sallallahu
alaihe wa-sallam) himself spoke to the two boys, who informed him
about the army's location, leaders and that they were so huge that
they slaughter ten camels everyday to feed their men. The Prophet
(sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) then turned towards the Muslims and
said: "The Quraysh has sent you their most precious lives."
for the believers
Before the Muslims
arrived at Badr, the disbelievers had already taken over the raised
piece of land and so the Muslims had to take the low lying sandy
spot. And between them remained a sandy piece of land. Ibn Abbas
(radhiallahu anhu) said: "
Muslims felt weak and the Shaytan
cast frustration into their hearts. He whispered to them, 'You claim
that you are Allah's supporters and that His Messenger is among
you! However, the disbelievers have taken over the water resource
from you, while you pray needing purity!' Allah sent down heavy
rain allowing the Muslims to drink and use it for purity. Allah
also removed Shaytan's whisper and made the sand firm when rain
fell on it, and the Muslims walked on the sand along with their
animals, until they reached the enemy
" [At-Tabaree (13:
So, Allah sent
rain as a blessing for the believers, but for the disbelievers,
the rain was an obstacle that prevented them from further progress.
Allah mentions this great blessing in the Qur'aan: "
He caused rain to descend on you from the sky to clean you thereby
and to remove from you the Rijz (whispering, evil suggestions, etc.)
of Shaytan, and to strengthen your hearts, and make your feet firm
thereby." [Soorah al-Anfal (8): 11]
of rain strengthened the believer's hearts and encouraged them to
fight the enemies of Allah. They experienced a sense of security.
Then Allah descended another blessing on them; slumber overcame
the Muslims and they slept sound the whole night without fear. "(Remember)
when He covered you with a slumber as a security from Him
[Soorah al-Anfal (8): 11] The Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam)
spent the whole night in supplication and prayer.
First Day of
In the morning,
Allah Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) called the Sahabah
to offer the prayer and then positioned them for the battle. He
(sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) ordered them not to start fighting
unless he ordered them. On the other side, the Quraysh also prepared
for the war. When the two parties approached each other, Allah's
Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) supplicated to Allah saying:
"O Allah! The proud and arrogant Quraysh are already here disobeying
you and belying Your Messenger. O Allah! I am waiting for Your victory
which You have promised me. I beseech You Allah to defeat them (the
Abu Jahl also
prayed saying, "Our Lord, whichever of the two parties was
less kind to his relatives, and brought us what we do not know,
then destroy him tomorrow.' Allah says about this supplication of
Abu Jahl: "(O disbelievers) if you ask for a judgment, now
has the judgment come unto you
" [Soorah al-Anfal (8):
Imam Ibn Katheer
(rahimahullah) writes in the Tafseer of this verse, 'Allah says
to the disbelievers, if you ask for a judgment (between truth and
falsehood) and a decision between you and your believing enemies,
and you got what you asked for.' Meaning Allah accepted their supplication
and distinguished the truthful and gave victory to Allah's Messenger
(sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam).
The battle started
when a man from the disbeliever sweared to drink water from the
water basin of the Muslims, to destroy it or die for it. Hamzah
Ibn Abdul Mutallib (radhiallahu anhu) struck his leg with his sword
and killed him inside the basin.
Then three men
from the disbelievers, Utbah Ibn Rabi'a, his brother Shaibah and
his son al-Waleed stepped forward. Three young men from the Ansaar
came forward but the Quraysh (disbelievers of Makkah) yelled they
wanted the heads of their cousins. The Prophet (sallallahu alaihe
wa-sallam) then sent Ubaidah Ibn al-Harith, Hamzah (his uncle) and
Ali Ibn Abi Talib (his cousin) to fight. Hamazah (radhiallahu anhu)
killed Shaibah and Ali (radhiallahu anhu) killed al-Waleed. Ubaidah
was seriously wounded but Hamzah fell upon Utbah and cut off his
head. In this way, in one on one combat, the disbelievers lost many
of their brave men. So, they decided to attack the Muslims as a
whole. The Muslims were ordered to carry out a defensive war. They
supplicated to Allah and invoked His Help and fought bravely as
they were ordered.
(sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) continuously prayed to Allah day and
night. When the battle became very crucial, he (sallallahu alaihe
wa-sallam) supplicate saying, "O Allah! Should this group (of
Muslims) be defeated today, You will no longer be worshipped."
alaihe wa-sallam) stretched forth his hand and supplicated to Allah
until his cloak fell off his shoulders. Abu Bakr (radhiallahu anhu)
came up to him, picked his cloak, and put it back on his shoulders
and said: "O Prophet of Allah! You have cried out enough to
your Lord. He will surely fulfill what He has promised you."
[Saheeh al-Bukharee and an-Nasa'ee]
Allah responded to the supplication and sent Angels for help, Allah
says: "(Remember) when you sought help of your Lord and He
answered you saying, 'I will help you with a thousand Angels each
behind the other in succession." [Soorah al-Anfal (8): 9]
of Allah (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) raised his head and said
cheeringly: "O Abu Bakr, glad tidings are there for you; Allah's
victory has approached, by Allah I can see Jibreel on his mount
in the thick of a sandstorm." Then he recited the verse: "Their
multitude will be put to flight and they will show their backs."
[Soorah al-Qamar (54): 45]
speak about the appearance of Angels in the battle of Badr. It is
mentioned in Saheeh Muslim that Ibn Abbas (radhiallahu anhu) said:
"While on that day a Muslim from the Ansaar was chasing a disbeliever,
he heard over him the swashing of a whip and the voice of the rider
saying: 'Go ahead Haizum.' He looked at the disbelievers who had
fell on the ground on his back. The man came to Allah's Messenger
(sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) and related the incident, upon which
Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said: "You
have told the truth. This was the help from the third Heaven."
is reported, where another man from the Ansaar captured Abbas Ibn
Abdul Mutalib, who said: "O Messenger of Allah! By Allah this
man did not capture me. I was captured by a man who was bald and
had the most handsome face, and who was riding a horse. I cannot
see him here among the people
" The man from the Ansaar
said: 'I captured him, O Messenger of Allah!' The Prophet (sallallahu
alaihe wa-sallam) replied: "Be quite, Allah, the All-Might,
strengthened you with the help of a noble Angel."
It is also reported
that after the battle, the people used to recognize those who were
killed by the Angels, by wounds over their necks, finger and toes,
because those parts had a mark as if they were branded by Fire.
(alaihis-salaam) approached Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe
wa-sallam) and asked him to take a handful of dust and throw at
(sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) threw the dust saying, "Confusion
seize their faces!" A violent sandstorm blew into the eyes
of the enemies and the handful of sand entered the eyes of the idolaters,
each one of them was struck by some of it, and it distracted them
making each of them busy. Allah says regarding it:
(O Muhammad (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam)) threw not when you did
throw but Allah threw." [Soorah al-Anfal (8): 17]
handful of sand which Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam)
threw at the disbelievers was not by his (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam)
power and strength that it reached the eyes of the pagans, who were
disturbed and made busy by it. But it is Allah, Who should be praised
and glorified because He helped the Prophet to perform this act.
who was in the form of Suraqah Ibn Malik, saw the Angels helping
the Muslims and "
ran away and said: "Verily, I
have nothing to do with you
Ibn Abbas said:
'On the day of Badr, Shaytan as well as his flag holders and soldiers,
accompanied the idolaters. He whispered to the hearts of the idolaters,
'None can defeat you this day and I will help you.' When they met
and Shaytan saw Angels coming to their aid and the Messenger of
Allah (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) took a handful of sand and threw
it at the faces of the idolaters, causing them to retreat. Jibreel
u came towards Shaytan but when Shaytan, while holding the hand
of a Mushrik man, saw him, he withdrew his hand and ran away with
his soldiers. That man asked him, 'O Suraqah! You claimed that you
are our neighbor.' He said: "
Verily, I see what you see
not. Verily, I fear Allah for Allah is severe in punishment."
[Soorah al-Anfal (8): 48]
Help from Allah was that He placed terror and fright in the hearts
of the disbelievers. This is why instead of being greater in number
and being well-equipped and loaded with weapons, the disbelievers
fled the battlefield in awe. "Verily, I am with you, so keep
firm those who have believed. I will cast terror into the hearts
of those who have disbelieved, so strike them over the necks, and
smite over all their fingers and toes." [Soorah al-Anfal (8):
the Sahabah's Bravery and Devotion
Only after Allah
affirmed that He will suffice, aid, support and help the believers
against their enemies, the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam)
gave clear order to counter attack the disbelievers reciting the
verse, "And be quick for forgiveness from your Lord, and for
Paradise as wide as are the Heavens and the Earth." [Soorah
aali-Imran (3): 133]
"O Prophet! Urge the believers to fight
" The Messenger
of Allah (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) encouraged his companions
to fight. The courage and desire for Paradise and willingness to
fight the disbelievers that Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe
wa-sallam) instilled in his companions is evident from the actions
of the Sahabah.
Ibn Malik (radhiallahu anhu), "
The polytheists advanced
(towards us), and the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam)
said: "Rise to enter Paradise which is equal in width to the
Heavens and the Earth."
Umar Ibn al-Humam
al-Ansari (radhiallahu anhu) said: "O Messenger of Allah! Is
Paradise equal in extent to the Heavens and the Earth?" He
said: 'Yes.' Umar said: 'Excellent! Excellent!' The Messenger of
Allah (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) asked him: "What makes
you say, 'Excellent! Excellent!?" He said: "O Messenger
of Allah, nothing but the desire that I may be among its residents."
He said: "You are (surely) among its residents." He took
some dates from his bag and began to eat them. Then he said: "If
I were to live until I had eaten all these dates of mine, it would
be a long life." (The narrator said) He threw away all the
dates he had with him. Then he fought the enemies until he was killed."
[Saheeh Muslim (4680)]
Mu'adh Ibn Amr,
a young man from the Ansaar came across Abu Jahl in the battle and
struck his leg so forcefully that his leg was cut off from the shin.
When Ikrimah, the son of Abu Jahl, saw his father injured, he fell
upon Mu'adh and nearly separated his arm from his shoulder. Mu'adh
fought the whole day with the hanging arm and when it gave him more
trouble, he put his arm under his feet and pulled it apart by force.
Abu Jahl, the
Pharaoh of this Nation, died at the hands of two young Muslims
al-Awf (radhiallahu anhu) related, 'I was in the thick of the battle
when two youths, still seemingly inexperienced in the art of fighting,
one on the right and the second on the left. One of them spoke in
a secret voice asking me to show him Abu Jahl. I asked him about
his intention, to which he replied that he had a strong desire to
engage with Abu Jahl in a combat until either of them was killed.
It was something incredible. I turned to the left and the other
expressed a similar desire. I directly pointed at their target.
They both rushed towards Abu Jahl and without hesitation struck
him together and brought him down to earth. They went back to Allah's
Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam), each claiming that he had
killed Abu Jahl. The Prophet saw both their swords and said: "You
both have killed him."
At the end of
the battle, Abdullah Ibn Mas'oud, saw Abu Jahl at the verge of death.
He stepped on his neck and said: "Have you seen how Allah has
But look how
arrogant is this enemy of Allah, he replied to Ibn Mas'oud saying:
"I am not disgraced. I am no more than a man killed by his
own people on the battlefield." The disbelievers were so terrified
that they even left behind their chief and fled the battlefield.
When Ibn Mas'oud was about to cut off his head, he said: "Cut
off my head from near the shoulders so that it looks bigger than
the heads of all others and it is seen as the head of the chief.
Ibn Mas'oud cut off his head and took it to Allah's Messenger (sallallahu
alaihe wa-sallam), who praised Allah upon seeing it. He (sallallahu
alaihe wa-sallam) later said when he saw his dead body: "This
is the Pharaoh of this nation."
With the help
of Allah, Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) and his
companions fought bravery until the Quraysh suffered great loss
and fled the battlefield. They lost 70 of their best men and 70
were taken as prisoners by the Muslims. Only fourteen Muslims were
martyred in this battle: "And remember when you were few and
were reckoned weak in the land and were afraid that men might kidnap
you, but He provided a safe place for you, strengthened you with
His help, and provided you with good things so that you might be
grateful." [Soorah al-Anfal (8): 26]
After the battle
of Badr, the Muslims emerged as one powerful nation.
the Battle of Badr
The Battle of
Badr is a great example from our history that teaches; 'victory
does not depend on numbers or collecting weapons and shields - Victory
is from Allah.'
has a small group overcome a might host by Allah's leave. And Allah
is with the patient." [Soorah al-Baqarah (2): 249]
only grants victory to those who believe in Him and put their complete
trust in Him. Allah sent blessing and help to the believers in the
battle of Badr and made them victorious over the disbelieving pagans
only after putting them to trial! Allah tested the Muslims for ten
years in Makkah and then He tested them again by the order to migrate
to al-Medina leaving behind all possessions.
It was the result
of the strong trust of the Sahabah in Allah that they willingly
marched towards the battlefield, even though they knew that the
disbelievers had come with huge army and weaponry.
It was their
craving for Allah's Pleasure and Paradise that they proclaimed:
We will fight along with you. By Allah! If you were
to take us to Bark al-Ghimad, we will still fight with determination
against its defender until you gained it." So after Allah had
tested them, He made them stand firm against their enemies, and
granted them the courage to fight them. It was only by the Help
of Allah and His Blessings that the Muslims could defeat the disbeliever
who were three time greater in number and well-equipped.
the times of Jahiliyyah (ignorance - the time before Islam), these
very same people were the weakest of people found on the face of
the earth as Imam Ibn Katheer (rahimahullah) mentions the statement
of Qatadah Ibn Di'amah as-Sadusi in the Tafseer of Soorah al-Anfal
(8): 26, 'Arabs were the weakest of the weak, had the toughest life,
the emptiest stomach, the barest skin and the most obvious misguidance.
Those who lived among them lived in misery; those who died went
to the Fire. They were being eaten up, but unable to eat others!
By Allah! We do not know of a people on the face of the earth at
that time who had a worse life than them. When Allah brought Islam,
He made it dominant on the earth and thus bringing provisions and
leadership for them over the necks of people. It is through Islam
that Allah granted all what you see, so thank Him for His favors,
for your Lord is One Who bestows favors and likes praise."
It was due to
their cowardice that when Abrahah attacked their most sacred city,
Makkah, and resolved to demolish the Ka'bah; they evacuated Makkah
and ran away with their wives and children to mountain tops. But
when they embraced Islam, believed in Allah, avoided sins and purely
followed the teaching of Allah's Messenger - Allah made them the
rulers of the world. They triumphed at the time of Allah's Messenger
(sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) and after his death. The Kuffar feared
But when the
Muslims abandoned the life of righteousness and adopted sins, Allah,
the Exalted, snatched away His Blessings from them and they were
left to their state of misery. However, even today, if we Muslims
were to believe in Allah and put complete trust in Him Alone, then
Allah will help the Muslims over the Kuffar. It is the result of
our sins that in many parts of the world Muslims are being oppressed
by the Kuffar and subjugated to hardships.
Today, if we
show willingness to sacrifice our wealth and lives for the sake
of Allah, and purely follow the teachings of Allah's Messenger (sallallahu
alaihe wa-sallam), Allah will remove our hardships and grant us
victory and supremacy over the Kuffar.
"Allah has promised those among you who believe and do righteous
good deeds, that He will certainly grant them succession to (the
present rulers) in the earth, as He granted it to those who before
them, and He will grant them the authority to practice their religion
that which He has chosen for them (i.e. Islam). And He will surely
give them in exchange security after their fear (provided) they
(believers) worship Me and do not associate anything (in worship)
with Me. But whosoever disbelieves after this, they are the Fasiqun
(rebellious, disobedient to Allah)." [Soorah an-Nur (24): 55]