The Quran and Hadith on Ramadan
THE QURAN ON FASTING
who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed
for those before you, that you may become Al-Muttaqun (the pious).
a fixed number of days, but if any of you is ill or on a journey,
the same number (should be made up) from other days. And as for
those who can fast with difficulty, (i.e. an old man, etc.), they
have (a choice either to fast or) to feed a poor person (for every
day). But whoever does good of his own accord, it is better for
him. And that you fast, it is better for you if only you know."
of Ramadan in which was revealed the Quran, a guidance for mankind
and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right
and wrong). So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first
night of) the month (of Ramadan), he must fast that month, and whoever
is ill or on a journey, the same number (of days which one did not
fast must be made up) from other days.
for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for
you. (He wants that you) must complete the same number (of days),
and that you must magnify Allah for having guided you so that you
may be grateful to Him" (2: 185).
made lawful for you to have sexual relations with your wives on
the night of the fasts. They are garments for you and you are the
same for them. Allah knows that you used to deceive yourselves,
so He turned to you and forgave you. So now have sexual relations
with them and seek that which Allah has ordained for you, and eat
and drink until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you
distinct from the black thread (darkness of night), then complete
your fast till the nightfall.
And do not have
sexual relations with them (your wives) while you are in Itikaf
in the Masjids. These are the limits (set) by Allah, so approach
them not. Thus does Allah make clear His signs to mankind that they
may become Al Muttaqun (the pious)" (2:187).
We have sent it (this Quran) down in the night of Al-Qadr.
And what will
make you know what the night of Al-Qadr is?
The night of
Al-Qadr is better than a thousand months
the angels and the Ruh (Gabriel) by Allah's Permission with all
the appearance of dawn (97:1-5)
THE HADITH ON
related that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said:
Whoever fasts during Ramadan with faith and seeking his reward from
Allah will have his past sins forgiven. Whoever prays during the
nights in Ramadan with faith and seeking his reward from Allah will
have his past sins forgiven. And he who passes Lailat al-Qadr in
prayer with faith and seeking his reward from Allah will have his
past sins forgiven (Bukhari, Muslim).
related that Rasulullah said: If anyone omits his fast even for
one day in Ramadan without a concession or without being ill, then
if he were to fast for the rest of his life he could not make up
for it (Bukhari).
related that the Prophet said: Allah the Majestic and Exalted said:
"Every deed of man will receive ten to 700 times reward, except
Siyam (fasting), for it is for Me and I shall reward it (as I like).
There are two occasions of joy for one who fasts: one when he breaks
the fast and the other when he will meet his Lord" (Muslim).
related that Rasulullah said: Many people who fast get nothing from
their fast except hunger and thirst, and many people who pray at
night get nothing from it except wakefulness (Darimi).
When to start
Ibn Umar related
that the Prophet said: Do not start fasting unless you see the new
moon, and do not end fasting until you see it. If the weather is
cloudy then calculate when it should appear (Bukhari, Muslim).
The Suhoor meal
(which is eaten before dawn)
that Rasulullah said: Take the Suhoor meal, for there is blessing
in it (Bukhari, Muslim).
Salman ibn Amir
Dhabi related that the Prophet said: Break your fast with dates,
or else with water, for it is pure (Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi).
that Rasulullah was asked whether one should fast when on a journey,
and he replied: Fast if you like, or postpone it if you like (Bukhari,
related that the Prophet said: If a person does not avoid false
talk and false conduct during Siyam, then Allah does not care if
he abstains from food and drink (Bukhari, Muslim).
eating or drinking while fasting
related that Rasulullah said: If anyone forgets that he is fasting
and eats or drinks he should complete his Siyam, for it is Allah
who has fed him and given him drink (Bukhari, Muslim).
those who are breaking the fast
Zaid ibn Khalid
Juhni related that the Prophet said: He who provides for the breaking
of the Siyam of another person earns the same merit as the one who
was observing Siyam diminishing in any way the reward of the latter
that the Prophet said: Look for Lailat al-Qadr on an odd-numbered
night during the last ten nights of Ramadan (Bukhari).
Anas ibn Malik
related that Rasulullah said: When Lailat al-Qadr comes Gabriel
descends with a company of angels who ask for blessings on everyone
who is remembering Allah, whether they are sitting or standing (Baihaqi)